Chart Builder – doesn’t calculate mean scores for ordinal variables, so you have to change “measure” to “scale”, but it is easier to use quickly.

Graphs -> Legacy Dialogs -> (choose graph)

**Simple Bar Chart**: tick “summaries of separate variables”

- Right-click on chart in output, click “Edit content”
- Can add title (above the chart), footer (below the chart), and change pattern of bars by clicking properties -> double-clicking on the bar -> “fill and border”

**Clustered Bar Chart**: tick “summaries of groups of cases”

- Tick what the bars represent (eg mean) and put in the variable
- Move that variable to “Category axis”
- Move the variable you want to split the file by to “Define clusters by”

**Multiple Line Graph**: tick “summaries for groups of cases”

- Tick what the lines represent (N for frequency/mean) and put in the variable (if mean)
- Move the variable to “Category axis”
- Move the variable you want to split the file by to “Define lines by”
- Can edit in output through right-clicking

Analyze -> Table -> Custom Tables

If trying to find mean of categorical variables, need to change measure to “Scale” in variable view.

- Move categorical variables to left (rows)
- Move variables you want to split the file by to top (columns)
- Click variable on left -> click “Summary stats” at bottom left
- Change Format to “nnnn” and Decimals to “2”
- To add SD or anything else: “Summary stats” -> Move SD from “Statistics” box to box on the right
- Same with cumulative %: Move “Column %”
- To add Total: Click on the variable you want the total for -> Click “Categories and Totals” at bottom left -> Tick “Total” on right

**Categorical Tables**: frequencies, so change measure back to “ordinal”

- Need to use custom tables when splitting files by TWO variables.

**Pivot Tables**: Put the second splitting variable into the “Layers” box on the right.

- Can move things around by double-clicking on the table in the output.